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Πέμπτη, 29 Ιανουαρίου 2009
ανοιξε η συζητηση ,και παλι, για τις μεταρυθμησεις
(Ξένη δημοσίευση) - ΑΝΑΚΟΙΝΩΣΗ ΤΥΠΟΥ-Υπ. Παιδείας-ΔΕΛΤΙΟ ΤΥΠΟΥ ΓΙΑ ΣΥΜΒΟΥΛΙΟ ΠΡΩΤΟΒΑΘΜΙΑΣ ΚΑΙ ΔΕΥΤΕΡΟΒΑΘΜΙΑΣ ΕΚΠΑΙΔΕΥΣΗΣ
Αθήνα, 29 Ιανουαρίου 2009
Ο Υπουργός Εθνικής Παιδείας και Θρησκευμάτων κ. Άρης Σπηλιωτόπουλος, κάλεσε τον Καθηγητή κ. Γιώργο Μπαμπινιώτη, πρώην Πρύτανη του Πανεπιστημίου Αθηνών και του ζήτησε να αναλάβει την Προεδρία του Συμβουλίου Πρωτοβάθμιας και Δευτεροβάθμιας Εκπαίδευσης (Σ.Π.Δ.Ε.) όπως αυτό προβλέπεται από το ΠΔ 127 του 2003 και λειτουργεί στο πλαίσιο του Ε.ΣΥ.Π. Το Σ.Π.Δ.Ε. θα έχει την ευθύνη της διεξαγωγής του διαλόγου για την αναμόρφωση του Λυκείου και τη μελέτη ενός νέου συστήματος εισαγωγής στην Τριτοβάθμια Εκπαίδευση. Το θεσμοθετημένο αυτό όργανο, στο οποίο διασφαλίζεται εκ του νόμου η απαραίτητη κοινωνική αντιπροσωπευτικότητα, σε λογικό χρόνο, θα διατυπώσει προτάσεις προς τον Υπουργό Εθνικής Παιδείας και Θρησκευμάτων, μετά τον αναγκαίο διάλογο με τους αρμόδιους φορείς (Παιδαγωγικό Ινστιτούτο, ΟΛΜΕ, ΔΟΕ, ΟΙΕΛΕ) και άλλους προβλεπόμενους εκπροσώπους από τον χώρο των εκπαιδευτικών, των μαθητών, των γονέων και της ευρύτερης Ελληνικής κοινωνίας.
Ο Καθηγητής κ. Γιώργος Μπαμπινιώτης, συμμεριζόμενος την ανάγκη άμεσης αντιμετώπισης αυτού του εθνικού θέματος, απεδέχθη την πρόταση του Υπουργού.Ο Καθηγητής κ. Γ. Μπαμπινιώτης, μετά τη συνάντηση με τον κ. Άρη Σπηλιωτόπουλο δήλωσε: «Εκτιμώντας την κρισιμότητα της καταστάσεως η οποία επιβάλλει υπεύθυνη στράτευση όλων των δυνάμεων του τόπου που ενδιαφέρονται για την Παιδεία, αποδέχθηκα την πρόταση του Υπουργού Εθνικής Παιδείας και Θρησκευμάτων. Η συζήτηση με τον Υπουργό ήταν χρήσιμη και ειλικρινής, ώστε ο διάλογος που θα αρχίσει να είναι ανοιχτός και αποτελεσματικός, χωρίς προηγούμενες δεσμεύσεις».
Ο πρόεδρος του Εθνικού Συμβουλίου Παιδείας κ. Θ. Βερέμης άφησε ανοικτό το ενδεχόμενο να παραιτηθεί από τη θέση του εάν απορριφθεί η πρότασή του για ολοήμερο Λύκειο με απογευματινά μαθήματα φροντιστηριακού τύπου και πανελλαδικές εξετάσεις στις δύο τελευταίες τάξεις.«Εγγύηση» ότι το πόρισμα Βερέμη θα μπει στο συρτάρι αποτελεί η επιλογή του πρώην πρύτανη του Πανεπιστημίου Αθηνών, κ. Γ. Μπαμπινιώτη, για τον πρωταγωνιστικό ρόλο στη διαδικασία του διαλόγου.«Αν μου πουν “δεν δεχόμαστε την πρότασή σας γιατί είναι πολύ αυστηρή” και το τεκμηριώσουν, θα πω εντάξει. Αν την απορρίψουν επειδή είμαι εγώ, θα πω: “Καλά παιδιά μου, μάλλον δεν με χρειάζεστε, βάλτε κάποιον άλλον”», δήλωσε σε ραδιοφωνικό σταθμό ο κ. Θ. Βερέμης λίγο πριν ανακοινωθούν η συνάντηση των κ.κ. Σπηλιωτόπουλου και Μπαμπινιώτη και η κατάληξή της.
Τετάρτη, 28 Ιανουαρίου 2009
Πρώτον πρέπει να γνωρίζουµε αν ο όγκος της κόλασης αυξάνεται προς το χρόνο. Εποµένως χρειάζεται να ξέρουµε το ρυθµό µε τον οποίο οι ψυχές εισρέουν στην κόλαση και το ρυθµό µε τον οποίο διαφεύγουν.
Νοµίζω ότι µπορούµε ασφαλώς να υποθέσουµε ότι όταν µια ψυχή πάει στην κόλαση, δεν πρόκειται να φύγει. Εποµένως, δεν διαφεύγουν ψυχές. Τώρα για το πόσες ψυχές µπαίνουν, ας δούµε πόσες διαφορετικές θρησκείες υπάρχουν σήµερα στον κόσµο. Οι περισσότερες από αυτές δηλώνουν ότι αν δεν είσαι οπαδός τους, τότε θα πας στη κόλαση. Εφόσον υπάρχουν περισσότερες από µία τέτοια θρησκεία και εφόσον οι άνθρωποι ανήκουν σε περισσότερη από µία θρησκεία, τότε µπορούµε να εξαγάγουµε το συµπέρασµα ότι όλες οι ψυχές πάνε στην κόλαση. Και όπως έχουν οι ρυθµοί γεννήσεων και θανάτων, θα πρέπει να αναµένουµε ότι ο αριθµός των ψυχών στην κόλαση θα αυξηθεί εκθετικά.
Τώρα, ο λόγος για τον οποίο εξετάζουµε το ρυθµό αλλαγής του όγκου της κολάσεως, είναι γιατί ο Νόµος του Μπόυλ δηλώνει ότι για να παραµείνει σταθερή η θερµοκρασία και η πίεση στην κόλαση, ο όγκος της πρέπει να αυξάνεται αναλόγως µε τις ψυχές που προστίθενται. Αυτό µας δίνει 2 περιπτώσεις:
1. Εάν η Κόλαση διαστέλλεται µε πιο αργό ρυθµό από αυτόν µε τον οποίο εισέρχονται ψυχές, τότε η θερµοκρασία και η πίεση θα αυξάνονται µέχρι να σκάσει η Κόλαση και να ξεχυθούν οι ψυχές.2. Εάν η Κόλαση διαστέλλεται µε ρυθµό πιο γρήγορο από τη αύξηση των ψυχών, τότε η θερµοκρασία και η πίεση θα πέφτουν µέχρι να παγώσουν τα καζάνια της.Ποια από τις 2 περιπτώσεις ισχύει;
Αν αποδεχθούµε το αξίωµα το οποίο µου είπε η Τερέζα όταν ήµουν πρωτοετής, ότι "Θα πρέπει να παγώσει η Κόλαση πριν κοιµηθούµε µαζί" και αν συνθεωρήσουµε και το γεγονός ότι χθες το ßράδυ όντως κοιµήθηκα µαζί της, τότε ισχύει η δεύτερη υπόθεση και εποµένως είµαι σίγουρος ότι η Κόλαση είναι εξώθερµη και ότι ήδη έχει παγώσει. Απόρροια αυτής της θεωρίας είναι ότι η κόλαση, αφού έχει παγώσει, άρα δεν δέχεται άλλες ψυχές και εποµένως έχει εκλείψει .... αφήνοντας µόνο τον Παράδεισο. Αυτό µε τη σειρά του αποδεικνύει την ύπαρξη ενός Θεϊκού Όντος, το οποίο εξηγεί γιατί χθες το ßράδυ η Τερέζα φώναζε συνεχώς: "Θεέ µου, Θεέ µου".
Το post είναι αναδημοσίευση από τον Γιώργο Κάππα
Τρίτη, 27 Ιανουαρίου 2009
Greek protest movement requires a socialist perspective
PASOK and SYRIZA: no alternative to the right-wing government
Statement of the European sections of the ICFI
9 January 2009
This following statement will be distributed to the mass demonstrations of students and youth taking place in Athens on Friday, January 9.
During the last month, there has been a series of mass protests, strikes and clashes with the police in Athens and other Greek cities. The conservative New Democracy (ND) government led by Prime Minister Kostas Karamanlis has come under increasing pressure, but the recent changes to his cabinet are entirely cosmetic and will do nothing to change its political course.
The two largest opposition parties, the Panhellenic Socialist Movement (PASOK) and the Coalition of the Radical Left (SYRIZA), are calling for new elections to resolve the current crisis, but neither organisation represents any real alternative to the New Democracy government. Following many years in government, during which PASOK implemented a string of policies aimed against the Greek population, the party suffered devastating defeats in the elections held in 2004 and 2007. Although the leader of the SYRIZA parliamentary group, Alekos Alavanos, has recently ruled out any alliance with PASOK, nobody should take his words seriously. A number of alliances between PASOK and SYRIZA already exist on a local level.
It is above all the catastrophic conditions at Greek schools and universities, and the lack of any future prospects, that have led increasing numbers of students and youth to take to the streets in protest. State institutions are completely run down, and the only form of adequate education takes place at expensive private schools. At the conclusion of their studies, most youth are condemned to either unemployment or poorly paid jobs. The youth jobless rate stands at more than 21 percent.
Successive governments have claimed there is no money available for the educational and social systems, while at the same time a tiny minority has been able to accumulate fantastic wealth. This layer can rely on the support of a corrupt political elite, which in the course of a series of political scandals during past decades has made clear its contempt for the broad masses of the population.
The intervention of broad layers of the population against this development is to be welcomed. But protest, even in its most radical forms, remains limited to reformist illusions. It seeks to put pressure on the ruling elite in the hope they will change their policies. The current crisis of capitalism, however, rules out any possibility of reforms.
All over Europe and across the world the younger generation is confronted with a society in which the ruling elites have filled their pockets at the expense of the population, plundered state funds, destroyed educational and social systems, and defended their privileges with the combined aid of a corrupt state and party bureaucracy and units of armed police.
The social and political crisis in Greece and Europe is an expression of a profound crisis of the entire capitalist system. The current financial crisis has led to the rekindling of the fundamental contradictions of capitalism. Across the globe, governments are increasingly reacting to the crisis with a combination of domestic repression and a new wave of militarist aggression.
This is the significance of the murderous assault by the Israeli military on the defenceless people of Gaza. Greece, with its weak industrial base and an economy that is extremely susceptible to international crises, has already been especially hard hit. Thousands will lose their jobs in the coming months, and Karamanlis has already announced that he will respond to the economic difficulties with further “reforms”—i.e., further social attacks on the population.
The struggle against incessant welfare cuts requires a socialist perspective. The working class must unite internationally in the struggle for a socialist society that places social requirements and progress over the profit interests of a tiny elite.
In this respect, the Greek population confronts not only a corrupt right-wing government. The so-called “left” parties and trade unions also defend the bourgeois order and the profit system.
The appalling conditions prevailing at many schools and universities are largely a result of policies and cuts implemented by PASOK. The party has dominated Greek politics since the overthrow of the military junta in 1974 and headed most Greek governments up to 2004. In the 1980s, the party implemented a number of limited social reforms wrapped up in anti-European and anti-American rhetoric. But since then, and in common with social democratic parties across Europe, it has conducted a host of welfare cuts. Beginning with the PASOK government of Konstantin Simitis in 1996, the party set in motion a process of deregulation and privatisation of broad areas of public service. This policy was essentially adopted and intensified by Karamanlis when he took power in 2004.
At the same time, PASOK enjoys close links to the country’s trade unions—in particular, the General Confederation of Greek Workers (GSEE). Apart from ritual protest demonstrations and strikes, the GSEE did nothing to oppose the privatisations begun in the 1990. In close cooperation with PASOK and business associations, the unions have implemented wage cuts and attacks on working conditions. The recent occupation of the GSEE headquarters in Athens made clear the extent to which this organisation is increasingly seen as an obstacle to progress by workers and youth.
The Communist Party of Greece (KKE) has reacted to the student protests with a further lurch to the right. Following a series of violent clashes between protesters and state forces, the KKE turned on those protesting, condemning them as “violent criminals run amok.” The party’s only concern is to prevent any expansion of the protests that escapes the control of the trade union and social democratic bureaucratic apparatuses. It should be noted that the KKE is the only opposition party that has spoken out against new elections.
The KKE was created as a revolutionary party in 1918 in the wake of the Russian Revolution. But by the end of the 1920s, it was already completely under control of the Stalinist bureaucracy in Moscow. In the 1940s, the KKE developed its own secret police, the OPLA, which up to the end of the civil war abducted and murdered hundreds of Trotskyists who had opposed Stalin’s reactionary policies.
The KKE implemented the treacherous policy of Stalin, who at the end of the war had already awarded Greece to the Western powers. In 1949, the KKE suppressed the civil war in Greece, allowing monarchist and extreme rightist forces to regain influence in the country. This policy culminated with the Colonel’s Coup of 1967, which brought to power a brutal, pro-Western military government led by General Georgios Papadopoulos, which tortured and killed thousands of leftists, trade unionists and communists.
The readiness of the KKE to support a right-wing government today was made clear in 1989 when the organisation participated in an alliance of the left parties that briefly joined a coalition with New Democracy.
The Coalition of the Radical Left, SYRIZA, also provides no alternative to the discredited old workers’ organisations. The biggest grouping inside SYRIZA is Synaspismos, which has its roots in a split from the KKE. SYRIZA has declared its support for the latest demonstrations and called for measures to deal with the social and political crisis. But behind its radical rhetoric, Synaspismos, in an alliance with Greens, Maoists and other radicals, offers merely a warmed-over version of reformist protest politics. The alliance is seeking to steer the rapid movement to the left by broad layers of the population into channels harmless to the ruling class.
The alliance’s demands, including a stop to privatisations, increased public expenditure, and superficial reforms of the social and educational systems, could all be drawn from the reformist programme of PASOK in the 1980s. However, the rightward drift of PASOK has already made clear that the globalisation of production has stripped away the basis for any progressive reforms.
The European working class has already undergone a series of painful experiences with parties such as SYRIZA. In Italy, it was the collaboration of the organisation Communist Refoundation that helped lever Silvio Berlusconi back into power. In Germany, the Left Party, which is allied to Synaspismos in the European Left, has carried out a number of welfare cuts in its role as coalition partner in the Berlin Senate. Today, Berlin leads the German Republic in unemployment and poverty levels.
Under these conditions, anarchist ideas have won a certain influence among students. The frustration and anger of many students over the bankrupt establishment parties is entirely justified. But at the same time, in the absence of a clear political perspective, the movement will be isolated and demoralised. This is turn creates a climate that can be exploited by the state and used to organise provocations against the protests. There have been a number of reports to indicate that agents of the Greek state were implicated in the acts of violence carried out in the course of earlier demonstrations. Now, the shooting of a young policeman at the start of this week is being used to demonise the protests and the “radical left,” although the exact circumstances surrounding the shooting and who was responsible for it still remain unclear.
The only way forward for students and youth is a deliberate turn to workers in Greece and throughout Europe on the basis of an international socialist programme, which draws political lessons from the rich arsenal of the historical experiences of the international working class.
The World Socialist Web Site is published by the International Committee of the Fourth International (ICFI) and its sections all over the world. The Fourth International was founded by Leon Trotsky in 1938. It emerged from the struggle conducted by the Left Opposition in the USSR against Stalinism. Ever since, it has defended the socialist and internationalist principles of the Marxist movement in a struggle against social democracy, Stalinism and all forms of political opportunism. We invite all university and high school students and youth to read the daily WSWS and establish contact with our editorial board.
Mon, 26 Jan 2009 19:06:59 GMT
Chief Military Rabbi Brigadier General Avi Ronzki
Chief Military Rabbi Brigadier General Avi Ronzki had distributed pamphlets to Israeli troops implicitly sanctioning the killing of civilians.
"When you show mercy to a cruel enemy you are being cruel to pure and honest soldiers. These are not games at the amusement park where sportsmanship teaches one to make concessions. This is a war on murderers," the pamphlets read.
Human rights group Yesh Din has said that the pamphlet borders "on incitement and racism against the Palestinian people."
The group urged Israeli Defense Minister Ehud Barak and Army Chief General Gabi Ashkenazi to dismiss Ronzki.
The pamphlet also quotes statements made by Rabbi Shlomo Aviner, the extremist leader of the Jewish settlers in the West Bank - who opposes any compromise with Palestinians.
"The Palestinians claim they deserve a state here, when in reality there was never a Palestinian or Arab state within the borders of our country," the pamphlet quoted Aviner as saying.
According to the right group, the pamphlet contains "degrading and belittling messages that border on incitement and racism against the Palestinian people. These messages can be interpreted as a call to act outside of the confines of international laws of war."
Thousands of people, including women and children were killed or wounded during Israel's Operation Cast Lead in the Gaza Strip.
The Israeli Army also used banned weapons, including white phosphorous and depleted uranium, to attack targets inside the populated area.
Δευτέρα, 26 Ιανουαρίου 2009
World Economic Forum Annual Meeting List of Public Figures As of 21 January 2009 Davos-Klosters, Switzerland 28 January-1 February 2009 Lulzim Ba
World Economic Forum Annual Meeting
List of Public Figures
As of 21 January 2009
Davos-Klosters, Switzerland 28 January-1 February 2009
Lulzim Basha Minister of Foreign Affairs of Albania Albania
Sali Berisha Prime Minister of Albania Albania
Mauricio Macri Mayor of Buenos Aires, Argentina Argentina
Edward Nalbandian Minister of Foreign Affairs of Armenia Armenia
Serzh A. Sargsyan President of Armenia Armenia
David V. Murray Chairman of the Board of Guardians, Future Fund Management
Kevin Rudd Prime Minister of Australia Australia
Wayne Swan Treasurer of Australia Australia
Ilham Aliyev President of Azerbaijan Azerbaijan
H.E. Sheikh Ahmed Mohammed
Minister of Finance of Bahrain Bahrain
Herman A. van Rompuy Prime Minister of Belgium Belgium
Karel De Gucht Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs of Belgium Belgium
Celso Amorim Minister of Foreign Relations of Brazil Brazil
Henrique de Campos Meirelles Governor of the Central Bank of Brazil Brazil
Sérgio de Oliveira Cabral Governor of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Brazil
James M. Flaherty Minister of Finance of Canada Canada
Jean Charest Premier of Québec, Canada Canada
Mark J. Carney Governor of the Bank of Canada Canada
Stockwell B. Day Jr Minister of International Trade and Minister for the Asia-Pacific
Gateway of Canada
Andrés Velasco Minister of Finance of Chile Chile
Alvaro Uribe Velez President of Colombia Colombia
Jaime Bermúdez Minister of Foreign Affairs of Colombia Colombia
Luis Guillermo Plata Minister of Trade, Industry and Tourism of Colombia Colombia
Marco Vinicio Ruiz Gutierrez Minister of Foreign Trade of Costa Rica Costa Rica
Václav Klaus President of the Czech Republic Czech Republic
Anders Fogh Rasmussen Prime Minister of Denmark Denmark
Connie Hedegaard Minister of Climate and Energy of Denmark Denmark
Amre Moussa Secretary-General, League of Arab States, Cairo Egypt
Gamal H. Mubarak Assistant Secretary-General and Head, Policy Secretariat, National
Democratic Party (NDP), Egypt
Rachid M. Rachid Minister of Trade and Industry of Egypt Egypt
Tarek Kamel Minister of Communications and Information Technology of Egypt Egypt
Youssef Boutros-Ghali Minister of Finance of Egypt Egypt
Andris Piebalgs Commissioner, Energy, European Commission, Brussels EU
Baroness Ashton of Upholland Commissioner, Trade, European Commission, Brussels EU
Benita Ferrero-Waldner Commissioner, External Relations and European Neighbourhood
Policy, European Commission, Brussels
Charlie McCreevy Commissioner, Internal Market and Services, European
Günter Verheugen Vice-President and Commissioner, Enterprise and Industry,
European Commission, Brussels
Jacques Barrot Vice-President and Commissioner, Justice, Freedom and Security,
European Commission, Brussels
Jean-Claude Trichet President, European Central Bank, Frankfurt EU
Joaquín Almunia Commissioner, Economic and Monetary Affairs, European
José Manuel Barroso President, European Commission, Brussels EU
Neelie Kroes Commissioner, Competition, European Commission, Brussels EU
Thomas Mirow President, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development
Viviane Reding Commissioner, Information Society and Media, European
Tarja Halonen President of Finland Finland
Bernard Kouchner Minister of Foreign and European Affairs of France France
Christian Noyer Governor of the Banque de France France
Christine Lagarde Minister of Economy, Industry and Employment of France; Member
of the Foundation Board of the World Economic Forum
Hervé Morin Minister of Defence of France France
Luc Chatel Minister of State to the Minister of Economy, Industry and
Employment of France
Angela Merkel Federal Chancellor of Germany Germany
Axel A. Weber President of the Central Bank of Germany Germany
Guido Westerwelle Chairman, Freie Demokratische Partei (FDP), Germany Germany
Michael Glos Federal Minister of Economics and Technology of Germany Germany
Bharrat Jagdeo President of Guyana Guyana
Kamal Nath Minister of Commerce and Industry of India India
Kapil Sibal Minister of Science & Technology and Earth Sciences of India India
Montek S. Ahluwalia Deputy Chairman, Planning Commission, India India
Praful Patel Minister of State for Civil Aviation of India India
Mari Pangestu Minister of Trade of Indonesia Indonesia
Miranda S. Goeltom Senior Deputy Governor, Bank Indonesia, Indonesia Indonesia
Abdalla Salem El Badri Secretary-General, Organization of the Petroleum Exporting
Countries (OPEC), Vienna
Achim Steiner Executive Director, United Nations Environment Programme
Angel Gurría Secretary-General, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and
Development (OECD), Paris
Ann M. Veneman Executive Director, United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), New
York; Chair, Global Agenda Council on the Welfare of Children
Antonio Guterres UN High Commissioner for Refugees, Geneva INT
Ban Ki-moon Secretary-General, United Nations, New York INT
Donald Kaberuka President, African Development Bank (ADB), Tunis INT
Haruhiko Kuroda President, Asian Development Bank, Manila INT
Jacques Diouf Director-General, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United
Nations (FAO), Rome
Jacques Rogozinski General Manager, Inter-American Investment Corporation,
Jakob Kellenberger President, International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC),
John Lipsky First Deputy Managing Director, International Monetary Fund (IMF),
José Miguel Insulza Secretary-General, Organization of American States (OAS),
Josette Sheeran Executive Director, United Nations World Food Programme (WFP),
Rome; Chair, Global Agenda Council on Food Security
Koichiro Matsuura Director-General, United Nations Educational, Scientific and
Cultural Organization (UNESCO), Paris
Lars H. Thunell Executive Vice-President and Chief Executive Officer, International
Finance Corporation (IFC), Washington DC
Luis A. Moreno President, Inter-American Development Bank, Washington DC INT
Margaret Chan Director-General, World Health Organization (WHO), Geneva INT
Michel Kazatchkine Executive Director, Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and
Mohamed M. ElBaradei Director-General, International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA),
Nobuo Tanaka Executive Director, International Energy Agency, Paris INT
Pascal Lamy Director-General, World Trade Organization (WTO), Geneva INT
Robert B. Zoellick President, The World Bank Group, Washington DC INT
Ronald K. Noble Secretary-General, International Criminal Police Organization
Sir John Holmes Undersecretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency
Relief Coordinator, UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian
Affairs (OCHA), New York
Supachai Panitchpakdi Secretary-General, United Nations Conference on Trade and
Development (UNCTAD), Geneva
Surin Pitsuwan Secretary-General, ASEAN (Association of South-East Asian
Yvo De Boer Executive Secretary, United Nations Framework Convention on
Climate Change (UNFCCC), Bonn
Barham Salih Deputy Prime Minister of Iraq Iraq
Brian Cowen Prime Minister of Ireland Ireland
Manouchehr Mottaki Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Islamic Republic of Iran Islamic Republic of Iran
Mohamed Bagher Ghalibaf Mayor of Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran Islamic Republic of Iran
Seyed Mojtaba Samare
First Adviser to the President of the Islamic Republic of Iran Islamic Republic of Iran
Benjamin Netanyahu Leader of the Likud Party, Israel Israel
Shimon Peres President of Israel Israel
Stanley Fischer Governor of the Central Bank of Israel Israel
Giulio Tremonti Minister of Economy and Finance of Italy Italy
Letizia Moratti Mayor of Milan, Italy Italy
Mario Draghi Governor of the Bank of Italy and Chairman, Financial Stability
Motohisa Furukawa Member of the House of Representatives, Japan Japan
Sadako Ogata President, Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), Japan Japan
Shoichi Nakagawa Minister of Finance and Minister of State for Financial Services of
Taro Aso Prime Minister of Japan Japan
Tetsuo Saito Minister of the Environment of Japan Japan
Toshihiro Nikai Minister of Economy, Trade and Industry of Japan Japan
Yoriko Kawaguchi Member of the House of Councillors, Japan; Minister for Foreign
Affairs of Japan (2002-2004)
Marat Tazhin Minister of Foreign Affairs of Kazakhstan Kazakhstan
Nursultan A. Nazarbayev President of Kazakhstan Kazakhstan
Sauat Mynbayev Minister of Energy of Kazakhstan Kazakhstan
Vladimir Shkolnik Minister of Industry and Trade of Kazakhstan Kazakhstan
Yerbol Orynbayev Deputy Prime Minister of Kazakhstan Kazakhstan
Raila Amolo Odinga Prime Minister of Kenya Kenya
Bader M. Al Sa'ad Managing Director, Kuwait Investment Authority (KIA), Kuwait Kuwait
H.H. Sheikh Nasser Mohammed
Al Ahmad Al Sabah
Prime Minister of the State of Kuwait Kuwait
Valdis Zatlers President of Latvia Latvia
Valdas Adamkus President of Lithuania Lithuania
Agustin Carstens Secretary of Finance of Mexico Mexico
Felipe Calderón President of Mexico Mexico
Georgina Kessel Secretary of Energy of Mexico Mexico
Guillermo Ortiz Governor of the Central Bank of Mexico Mexico
Luis Téllez Kuenzler Secretary of Communications and Transport of Mexico Mexico
Patricia Espinosa Cantellano Secretary of Foreign Relations of Mexico Mexico
Nambaryn Enkhbayar President of Mongolia Mongolia
Sukhbaatar Batbold Minister of Foreign Affairs and Trade of Mongolia Mongolia
Abbas El Fassi Prime Minister of Morocco Morocco
Ahmed Reda Chami Minister of Industry, Trade and New Technologies of Morocco Morocco
André Azoulay Counsellor to His Majesty King Mohammed VI of Morocco Morocco
Aziz Akhannouch Minister of Agriculture and Fisheries of Morocco Morocco
Mohamed Boussaid Minister of Tourism and Handicraft of Morocco Morocco
Mohamed Hassad Wali of the Region of Tanger-Tétouan, Morocco Morocco
Nizar Baraka Delegate Minister to the Prime Minister in Charge of Economic and
General Affairs of Morocco
Salaheddine Mezouar Minister of Economy and Finance of Morocco Morocco
Luisa Dias Diogo Prime Minister of Mozambique Mozambique
Jan Peter Balkenende Prime Minister of the Netherlands Netherlands
Chukwuma C. Soludo Governor of the Central Bank of Nigeria Nigeria
Shamsuddeen Usman Minister and Deputy Chairman of National Planning Commission of
Erik Solheim Minister of the Environment and International Development of
H.R.H. Crown Prince Haakon of
Martin Skancke Director-General, Asset Management Department, Ministry of
Finance of Norway
Hina Rabbani Khar Adviser to the Prime Minister on Economic Affairs of Pakistan Pakistan
Syed Yousaf Raza Gillani Prime Minister of Pakistan Pakistan
Chen Deming Minister of Commerce of the People's Republic of China People's Republic of China
Wen Jiabao Premier of the People's Republic of China People's Republic of China
Xia Deren Mayor of Dalian, People's Republic of China People's Republic of China
Xie Fuzhan Director of the State Council of the People's Republic of China People's Republic of China
Yang Jiechi Minister of Foreign Affairs of the People's Republic of China People's Republic of China
Zhang Ping Chairman, National Development and Reform Commission,
People's Republic of China
People's Republic of China
Zhang Xiaoqiang Vice-Chairman, National Development and Reform Commission,
People's Republic of China
People's Republic of China
Arthur C. Yap Secretary of Agriculture of the Philippines Philippines
Gloria Macapagal Arroyo President of the Philippines Philippines
Donald Tusk Prime Minister of Poland Poland
Jacek Rostowski Minister of Finance of Poland Poland
Radoslaw Tomasz Sikorski Minister of Foreign Affairs of Poland Poland
Slawomir Skrzypek President of the National Bank of Poland (NBP) Poland
H.E. Sheikh Hamad Bin Jassim
Bin Jabr Al Thani
Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs of Qatar Qatar
Chin Young-Wook President and Chief Executive Officer, Korea Investment
Corporation (KIC), Republic of Korea
Republic of Korea
Han Seung-Soo Prime Minister of the Republic of Korea Republic of Korea
Kim Jong-Hoon Minister for Trade of the Republic of Korea Republic of Korea
Bozidar Djelic Deputy Prime Minister for European Integration and Minister of
Science and Technological Development of Serbia
Republic of Serbia
Elvira Nabiullina Minister of Economic Development of the Russian Federation Russian Federation
Igor Shuvalov First Deputy Prime Minister of the Russian Federation Russian Federation
Rustam N. Minnikhanov Prime Minister of the Republic of Tatarstan, Russian Federation Russian Federation
Vladimir Putin Prime Minister of the Russian Federation Russian Federation
Paul Kagame President of Rwanda Rwanda
Abdul Rahman A. Al Tuwaijri Secretary-General, Supreme Economic Council, Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia
Abdullah Ahmed Zainal Alireza Minister of Commerce and Industry of Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia
Amr A. Al Dabbagh Governor, Saudi Arabian General Investment Authority (SAGIA),
H.E. Sheikh Hamad Al Sayari Governor of the Saudi Arabian Monetary Agency Saudi Arabia
H.R.H. Hussam Bin Saud Bin
Abdulaziz Al Saud
Prince of Saudi Royal Family; Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia
Ibrahim Abdul Aziz Al Assaf Minister of Finance of Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia
Muhammad S. Al Jasser Vice-Governor of the Saudi Arabian Monetary Agency Saudi Arabia
Abdoulaye Wade President of Senegal Senegal
Tony Tan Keng-Yam Deputy Chairman and Executive Director, Government of
Singapore Investment Corporation (GIC), Singapore
Yaacob Ibrahim Minister of the Environment and Water Resources of Singapore Singapore
Buyelwa Patience Sonjica Minister of Minerals and Energy of South Africa South Africa
Kgalema Motlanthe President of South Africa South Africa
Mandisi Mpahlwa Minister of Trade and Industry of South Africa South Africa
Marthinus van Schalkwyk Minister of Environmental Affairs and Tourism of South Africa South Africa
Tito Mboweni Governor of the South African Reserve Bank South Africa
Trevor Manuel Minister of Finance of South Africa South Africa
Anders Borg Minister of Finance of Sweden Sweden
Carl Bildt Minister of Foreign Affairs of Sweden Sweden
Fredrik Reinfeldt Prime Minister of Sweden Sweden
Doris Leuthard Vice-President of the Swiss Confederation and Federal Councillor
of Economic Affairs
Hans-Rudolf Merz President of the Swiss Confederation and Federal Councillor of
Jean-Pierre Roth Chairman of the Governing Board, Swiss National Bank,
Kofi Annan Secretary-General, United Nations (1997-2006); Member of the
Foundation Board of the World Economic Forum; Co-Chair of the
World Economic Forum Annual Meeting 2009
Michael Ambühl State Secretary for Foreign Affairs of Switzerland Switzerland
Micheline Calmy-Rey Federal Councillor of Foreign Affairs of the Swiss Confederation Switzerland
Moritz Leuenberger Federal Councillor of Environment, Transport, Energy and
Communications of the Swiss Confederation
Abhisit Vejjajiva Prime Minister of Thailand Thailand
Kasit Piromya Minister of Foreign Affairs of Thailand Thailand
Korbsak Sabhavasu Deputy Prime Minister of Thailand Thailand
Ali Babacan Minister of Foreign Affairs of Turkey Turkey
Durmus Yilmaz Governor of the Central Bank of Turkey Turkey
Mehmet Hilmi Güler Minister of Energy and Natural Resources of Turkey Turkey
Mehmet Simsek State Minister for the Economy of Turkey Turkey
Recep Tayyip Erdogan Prime Minister of Turkey Turkey
Viktor A. Yushchenko President of Ukraine Ukraine
H.E. Sheikha Lubna Al Qasimi Minister of Foreign Trade of the United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates
H.H. Sheikh Hamed Bin Zayed
President of the Court of the Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi, United
United Arab Emirates
Khaldoon Al Mubarak Chairman of the Executive Affairs Authority of Abu Dhabi, United
United Arab Emirates
Mohamed Bin Dhaen Al Hamli Minister of Energy of the United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates
Mohammad Abdullah Al
Minister of Cabinet Affairs of the United Arab Emirates; Chairman,
Dubai Holding, United Arab Emirates
United Arab Emirates
Reem Al Hashimy Minister of State of the United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates
Alistair Darling Chancellor of the Exchequer of the United Kingdom United Kingdom
Boris Johnson Mayor of London, United Kingdom United Kingdom
David Cameron Leader of the Conservative Party, United Kingdom United Kingdom
David Miliband Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs of the
Douglas Alexander Secretary of State for International Development of the United
Ed Miliband Secretary of State for Energy and Climate Change of the United
George Osborne Shadow Chancellor of the Exchequer and General Election
Campaign Coordinator, Conservative Party, United Kingdom
Gordon Brown Prime Minister of the United Kingdom United Kingdom
H.R.H. The Duke of York UK Special Representative for International Trade and Investment United Kingdom
Hilary Benn Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs of the
Jonathan Stephen Cunliffe Head of International Economic Affairs, Europe and G8 Sherpa,
Office of the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, United Kingdom
Lord Mandelson Secretary of State for Business, Enterprise and Regulatory Reform
of the United Kingdom
Lord Turner Chairman, Financial Services Authority (FSA), United Kingdom United Kingdom
Sir John Gieve Deputy Governor of the Bank of England United Kingdom
Tony Blair UN Middle East Quartet Representative; Member of the Foundation
Board of the World Economic Forum
Al Gore Vice-President of the United States of America (1993-2001); Nobel
Barney Frank Congressman from Massachusetts (Democrat), 4th District;
Chairman, Financial Services Committee, USA
Brian Baird Congressman from Washington (Democrat), 3rd District, USA USA
Carolyn B. Maloney Congresswoman from New York (Democrat), 14th District, USA USA
Christopher J. Dodd Senator from Connecticut (Democrat), USA USA
David A. Paterson Governor of New York, USA USA
Evan Bayh Senator from Indiana (Democrat), USA USA
Gavin Newsom Mayor of the City and County of San Francisco, USA USA
Howard B. Dean III Governor of Vermont (1991-2003), USA USA
James L. Jones Jr National Security Advisor, National Security Council, USA USA
John F. Kerry Senator from Massachusetts (Democrat), USA USA
Lawrence H. Summers Director, National Economic Council (NEC), Executive Office of the
Lindsey O. Graham Senator from South Carolina (Republican), USA USA
Marshall C. Sanford Jr Governor of South Carolina, USA USA
Max Baucus Senator from Montana (Democrat); Chairman, US Senate
Committee on Finance
Nita M. Lowey Congresswoman from New York (Democrat), 18th District, USA USA
Patrick J. Leahy Senator from Vermont (Democrat), USA USA
Sheila C. Bair Chairwoman, Federal Deposit Insurance Corp. (FDIC), USA USA
William J. Clinton Founder, William Jefferson Clinton Foundation; President of the
United States (1993-2001)
Nguyen Thien Nhan Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Education and Training of
Morgan Tsvangirai President, Movement for Democratic Change (MDC), Zimbabwe Zimbabwe
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